[Science Bulletin] 我室侯旭教授发表论文:Structure development of carbon-based solar-driven water evaporation systems

发布日期:2021年03月18日   浏览次数:

我室侯旭教授在 Science Bulletin 上发表论文:Structure development of carbon-based solar-driven water evaporation systems

摘要:Pressing need goes ahead for accessing freshwater in insufficient supply countries and regions, which will become a restrictive factor for human development and production. In recent years, solar-driven water evaporation (SDWE) systems have attracted increasing attention for their specialty in no consume conventional energy, pollution-free, and the high purity of fresh water. In particular, carbon-based photothermal conversion materials are preferred light-absorbing material for SDWE systems because of their wide range of spectrum absorption and high photothermal conversion efficiency based on super-conjugate effect. Until now, many carbon-based SDWE systems have been reported, and various structures were emerged and designed to enhance light absorption, optimize heat management, and improve the efficient water transport path. In this review, we attempt to give a comprehensive summary and discussions of structure progress of the carbon-based SDWE systems and their working mechanisms, including carbon nanoparticles systems, single-layer photothermal membrane systems, bi-layer structural photothermal systems, porous carbon-based materials systems, and three dimensional (3D) systems. In these systems, the latest 3D systems can expand the light path by allowing light to be reflected multiple times in the microcavity to increase the light absorption rate, and its large heat exchange area can prompt more water to evaporate, which makes them the promising application foreground. We hope our review can spark the probing of underlying principles and inspiring design strategies of these carbon-based SDWE systems, and further guide device optimizations, eventually promoting in extensive practical applications in the future.