[Energy Storage Materials] 我室赵金保教授发表论文:Contribution of different metal nodes on stepwise electrocatalysis in lithium-sulfur batteries

发布日期:2022年11月07日   浏览次数:

我室赵金保教授在 Energy Storage Materials 上发表论文:Contribution of different metal nodes on stepwise electrocatalysis in lithium-sulfur batteries

摘要:The mechanism of multifunctional sulfur-fixing materials on molecular / atomic level is important for selecting and designing effective electrocatalysts for lithium-sulfur batteries (LSBs). Therefore, metal coordination compounds (M = Co / Fe / CoFe) with unique catalytic behavior are selected as cathode additives to promote the sluggish reaction kinetics caused by multiphase conversion and focus on adsorption-catalysis mechanism. It is found that Co sites are conducive to promoting the generation of lithium sulfide that increase the specific discharge capacity, while Fe sites are beneficial for the adsorption of polysulfides that increase the capacity retention. The combination of Co and Fe sites can inhibit the polysulfides diffusion and induce the rapid and uniform deposition of lithium sulfide. Benefiting from the dual-anchoring of efficient Metal-S and Li-N bonds and special catalysis of Co sites, the CoFe PBA@S cells exhibit remarkable cyclability and capability. The cell delivers a small capacity fading rate (0.052% per cycle over 1000 cycles at 2 A g−1), excellent rate capability (811.86 mAh g−1 at 5 A g−1) and ultrahigh capability retention (1143.7 mAh g−1 after 100 cycles at 0.2 A g−1). Even with a high sulfur loading of 5 mg cm−2, it still shows reversible capacity of 789.7 mAh g−1 after 100 cycles at 0.2 A g−1. This work provides a rational direction to select and design effective electrocatalysts for LSBs.

文章链接:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2405829722005803